The simulation conditions are 50 mTorr for the total gas pressure

The simulation conditions are 50 mTorr for the total gas pressure and 200 V for the peak of the RF voltage at a frequency of 13.56 MHz. The magnetic field is varied from 0 to 50 G. The effect of the partial pressure ratio

of O-2 in the mixture and the effect of the magnitude of the magnetic field are discussed. In particular, the results show an increase of the plasma density that is ten times higher in the presence of a magnetic field. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3569708]“
“Objective. The paper reports a custom-made trifocal transport distractor assisted by miniscrew implant anchorages (MIAs) used to reconstruct maxillary defects and evaluates the clinical results of function and esthetics.

Study design. Eight patients aged 19-43 years who suffered regional maxillary defects were

involved. Selleck Thiazovivin Each one underwent segmental bone excision of the maxilla and distraction osteogenesis (DO) in the defect region by a custom-made interoral 3-dimensional distractor which was activated by orthodontic elastic force assisted by MIAs at the rate of <= 1 mm/d.

Results. New arced bone was found and filled the defect. The average amount of distraction was 13.6 mm (range 10-18 mm). Occlusion relationship was restored via this method, CH5183284 cost with subsequent placement of oral implants and prosthesis. The regenerated bony segment can be bent to form a curved arch.

Conclusion. A combined orthodontics and DO technique can be used to treat partial maxillary defects successfully. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010;110:e1-e7)”
“Rett syndrome

is a neurodevelopmental disorder predominately affecting females. The majority of patients have epilepsy in the early stages of the disease. This study evaluates the clinical course of epilepsy and the effect of antiepileptic drug treatment in Rett syndrome using retrospective data analysis. Epilepsy was present in 16 of 19 (84%) patients with Rett syndrome in this series. The mean age of seizure onset was 4 years. Remission of seizures was achieved after the first monotherapy in 56% and after the second selleck monotherapy in 18.5% of patients. Valproate, lamotrigine, and carbamazepine were the drugs used most frequently as monotherapy. Valproate monotherapy was highly effective as 75% of treated patients achieved seizure remission. Monotherapy with lamotrigine or carbamazepine was effective in half of the treated patients. There was a clear tendency toward seizure remission after the age of 15 years.”
“InAsxP1-x/InP quantum wells (QWs) with excellent crystalline and interfacial quality are grown by metal organic vapor phase epitaxy as confirmed from the cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy, high resolution x-ray diffraction and photoluminescence measurements.

NPSLE was associated with aPL and often anti-Ro and varied by eth

NPSLE was associated with aPL and often anti-Ro and varied by ethnicity. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Semin Arthritis Rheum 42:179-185″
“Objective-To determine demographic characteristics of horses donated to the North Carolina State University Equine Health Center

(EHC) between 1996 and 2008.

Design-Retrospective cohort study.

Animals-122 horses donated to the EHC between January 1996 and December 2008, and 246 horses offered for donation to the EHC between January 2007 and December 2008.

Procedures-Telephone and medical records were examined. Data were collected in 5 categories: age, sex, breed, reason for donation, and use prior to donation.

Results-From January 1996 through December 2008, 122 horses were donated to the EHC (median, 3 horses/y; range, 0 to 39 horses/y). There were 131 and 115 click here horses offered for donation during 2007 and 2008, respectively, of which 38 and 23 were accepted. Mean +/- SD age of horses offered for donation during 2007 and 2008 was 12.7 +/- 6.7 years, with 75 of the 246 (30.5%) horses between 6 and 10 years old. Musculoskeletal disease was the most commonly

listed reason horses were offered for donation (115/240 [479%]).

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Results indicated that unwanted horses CA3 ic50 donated to the EHC between 1996 and 2008 spanned a wide range of ages and breeds and included both males and females. The most common reason given for unwanted horses offered for donation during 2007

and 2008 was musculoskeletal disease, with degenerative joint NVP-BSK805 disease, lameness of undetermined cause, laminitis, and navicular disease being the most common musculoskeletal conditions. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2010;236:1334-1337)”
“Objectives: The Dead Sea, the deepest and most saline lake on earth, has been known from biblical times for its healing properties. The aim of this systematic review was to present critically the level of evidence for the claims of therapeutic effects of Dead Sea treatments in several rheumatologic diseases and psoriasis as well as to review these treatments’ safety.

Methods: All articles cited in MEDLINE under the query, “”Dead Sea,”" were reviewed.

Results: We found bona fide evidence that Dead Sea treatments are especially effective in psoriasis due to both the special characteristics of solar ultraviolet radiation in the Dead Sea and the Dead Sea water balneotherapy. Dead Sea mud and Dead Sea balneotherapy have been found to be beneficial in rheumatologic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and knee osteoarthritis. In the safety analysis, we found no evidence for an increase in skin neoplasia, although skin actinic damage seems to be increased in patients treated in the Dead Sea. Dead Sea treatments do not lead to worsening of blood pressure.

5%) were identified as containing CPV type-2c, and 9 (26 5%) were

5%) were identified as containing CPV type-2c, and 9 (26.5%) were identified as containing CPV type-2b. No association was found between CPV strain and

disease severity or clinical outcome.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-CPV type-2b and CPV type-2c posed similar health risks for dogs; therefore, genetic sequencing of CPV does not appear necessary for clinical management of infected patients. The diagnostic tests used could detect CPV type-2c. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2012;241:66-72)”
“We report on the current state of in vivo amyloid imaging. Although this technique is less than a decade old, a wealth of information is emerging as the initial clinical studies are being reported. Imaging of patients with Alzheimer’s disease has allowed quantitative

exploration of the natural history of amyloid deposition and its relationship to neurodegeneration. Amyloid imaging also shows significant promise in the differential diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment or atypical dementias. However, amyloid detection may be of greatest utility in healthy elderly persons; consistent with prior autopsy studies, a significant proportion of asymptomatic individuals display increased levels of amyloid by in vivo imaging. Understanding the relationship between this pathology and future cognitive status has significant implications for the application of disease-modifying medications in the “”preclinical”" phase of disease. Given the considerable clinical experience compared with other selleck chemicals llc tracers, this LY293646 review focuses on the literature involving Pittsburgh compound B positron emission tomography.”
“To understand the adaptability of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) to environmental stresses, we analyzed the activity of several antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), and catalase (CAT), in alfalfa shoots and roots subjected to salt and drought stresses

during germination. The germination rate of six alfalfa cultivars was comparatively studied under 200 mM NaCl or 35% PEG treatment. Alfalfa Xinmu No. 1 and Northstar varieties were selected as stress-tolerant and -sensitive cultivars, respectively, and were used for further characterization. After NaCl or PEG treatment, Xinmu No. I showed enhanced seedling growth, compared with Northstar. Xinmu No. I also exhibited low levels of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) production and lipid peroxidation, compared with Northstar. In addition, Xinmu No. 1 showed higher enzymatic activity of SOD, APX, CAT, and POD in its shoots and roots than Northstar. These results seem to indicate that Xinmu No. 1 cultivar’s tolerance to salt or drought stresses during germination is associated with enhanced activity of antioxidant enzymes. This study highlights the importance of antioxidant enzymes in the establishment of alfalfa seedlings under drought and salinity conditions typical of desertification. (C) 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS.

Analyses of the geographic distribution of Pf38 haplotypes showed

Analyses of the geographic distribution of Pf38 haplotypes showed that four haplotypes accounted for the majority of sequences found world-wide, but there were many more haplotypes unique to the African than the PNG populations.

Conclusion: This study confirmed

see more previous findings that Pf38 is a polymorphic gene under balancing selection. However, analysing polymorphism and selection across the length of the gene painted a considerably different picture. Domain I is highly polymorphic and the target of significant balancing selection. In contrast, domain II is relatively conserved and does not show evidence of immune selective pressure. The findings have implications for future population genetic studies on vaccine candidates, showing that the biological context must also be considered as a framework for analysis.”
“Two types of novel benzoxazine-based phenolic resins from phenol-furfural (PFB) and cardanol-furfural (CFB) resins had been synthesized and the highly thermally stable polybenzoxazines were obtained by the thermal cure of the corresponding benzoxazine-based phenolic resins. The chemical structure of benzoxazine-based phenolic resins

derived from renewable resources was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), (1)H NMR, and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). FTIR spectrum and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) showed that the monomers were thermally initiated and polymerized via ring-opening polymerization. Thermogravimetric analysis indicated that the incorporation of furan groups could enhance Metabolism inhibitor the char yield and thermal stability. However, the long alkyl side chain from cardanol could increase the toughness, while decreasing the char yield and thermal stability. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 122:2843-2848, 2011″
“We describe a new technique for nuclear disassembly of a hard nucleus in cataract surgery. The drill-and-crack technique, which combines phaco chop

and the prechopper, makes a deep hole (drill) in the central nucleus with the phaco tip and divides the nucleus (crack) with the prechopper inside the hole.”
“Introduction: Octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (Oct4) is a master regulator of early mammalian development. Its expression begins from the oocyte stage, becomes restricted to the GDC0449 inner cell mass of the blastocyst and eventually remains only in primordial germ cells. Unearthing the interactions of Oct4 would provide insight into how this transcription factor is central to cell fate and stem cell pluripotency.

Methods: In the present study, affinity-tagged endogenous Oct4 cell lines were established via homologous recombination gene targeting in embryonic stem (ES) cells to express tagged Oct4. This allows tagged Oct4 to be expressed without altering the total Oct4 levels from their physiological levels.

Results: Modified ES cells remained pluripotent.

In result, the consumption of the mixed extract with milk could s

In result, the consumption of the mixed extract with milk could stimulate the longitudinal growth and that the addition of the mixed herbal extract into the milk could be more effective than milk itself in terms of the growth of physical height in rats.”
“Surface acoustic wave (SAW) propogation in Y-cut and Z-cut relaxor-based 0.67Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O-3-0.33PbTiO(3) (PMN-33%PT) ferroelectric single crystals poled along [001](c) cubic direction has been analyzed theoretically. Characteristic curves were obtained for the phase velocity, electromechanical coupling coefficient and PFA of selleck compound SAW in

Y-cut and Z-cut PMN-33%PT single crystals. It was found that the phase velocity is lower, while the electromechanical coupling coefficient is much higher, than that of traditional piezoelectric materials. The power flow angle (PFA) can be zero in certain directions, which makes this crystal system a promising material for future SAW devices with smaller size and enhanced performance. The directions near 45 degrees and 135 degrees of Y-cut PMN-33%PT crystals are found to

be optimum directions for SAW device applications.”
“For the reasonable comparison of chemical and enzymatic polymerization, manganese(III) acetate and manganese peroxidase (MnP)-catalyzed synthesis of polystyrenes were chosen and studied with respect to the yield and the polydispersity ISRIB of polymer particles. MnP allowed the production of polystyrene in a higher yield and higher SNS-032 polydispersity (82.34% and 2.61) than manganese(III) acetate (77.90% and 1.75). This is believed to be due to a gradual supply of initiator radicals via a catalytic cycle in MnP-catalyzed polymerization, whereas radicals are generated all at once in Mn(III)-mediated polymerization. NMR spectroscopy revealed that atactic polystyrene

was produced by emulsion polymerization using Mn(III) or MnP. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 112: 2935-2941, 2009″
“The ABTS(+)-radical-cation scavenging activity, DPPH radical scavenging activity, ferric reducing/antioxidant power, and nitrite scavenging activity of the methanol extract from Hericium erinaceum and its subfractions were assessed. Among the methanol extract subfractions tested, the chloroform subfraction exhibited the strongest antioxidant activity in the most experiments, except for the ferric reducing/antioxidant power. The Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) of the chloroform subfraction was 378.89 mu mol/g of sample. This subfraction also scavenged 35.80% of DPPH radicals at 500 mu g/mL. The highest ferric reducing/ antioxidant power was found in the n-hexane subfraction (174.

Very severely impaired patients (mPAP 50 +/- 7 mm Hg)

Very severely impaired patients (mPAP 50 +/- 7 mm Hg) selleckchem were inactive for longer periods at night (8:25 +/- 1:18 h) and less active during the day (54 +/- 44 counts/min)

when compared to modestly impaired patients (mPAP 33 +/- 7 mm Hg; inactive at night for 6:58 +/- 0:39 h; daytime activity 229 +/- 148 counts/min, p < 0.05 in all instances). Out of 19 patients followed for 4 years, 5 died and 1 received a lung transplantation. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a shorter survival without lung transplantation in patients with a duration of daytime activity of <15 h/day than those with >15 h/day duration (log rank, p = 0.026). Conclusion: A long nocturnal rest and reduced daytime activity recorded by actigraphy are associated with severe hemodynamic impairment and reduced survival in patients with PH. Therefore, wrist actigraphy

performed during everyday life in the patient’s home holds promise as a simple tool for the assessment of disease severity and prognosis in patients with PH. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“Cation doping studies LDK378 Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor of high performance thermoelectric (ZnSb3)-Sb-4 have so far focused on elements with larger electronegativity than Zn. Mg has a lower electronegativity than Zn, and, in the present paper, the effect of Mg doping of Zn4Sb3 on phase transition temperatures and thermal and thermoelectric properties have been studied on five samples with a doping degree ranging from 0.1 to 2 at. % Mg. The results are compared with data obtained for a pure, undoped sample. Laboratory x-ray powder diffraction shows that all samples are single phase materials as further evidenced with higher confidence by Rietveld refinement of high resolution synchrotron powder diffraction of as synthesized 1 and 2 at. % Mg doped samples. Multitemperature synchrotron powder diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry reveal a significant effect of Mg-doping on the low temperature phase transitions in one sample (0.5 at. % Mg), whereas the other samples showed only small or no effect. Physical properties have been evaluated

from 2-400 K for all samples. Some physical property parameters are affected by doping but no immediate improvement Flavopiridol nmr of ZT was achieved. The reason for this is discussed in relation to differences in sample compaction. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.3037203]“
“E-cadherin and its associated cytoplasmic proteins, including beta-catenin, have been examined as potential oncogenic markers due to the significant correlation between tumour dedifferentiation and the invasive capacity of epithelial tumours. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of E-cadherin and beta-catenin in canine colorectal cancer using immunohistochemistry and to examine the relationship between this expression and various clinicopathological variables.

9% at a diesel concentration of 1120 mg L-1 with GAELE A first-o

9% at a diesel concentration of 1120 mg L-1 with GAELE. A first-order rate constant of 0.10 h-1 was calculated. Kinetic analysis using Arvin’s model, which introduces mass transfer to the biofilm,

showed statistical Selonsertib order differences in the kinetic rate parameters (P < 0.001). Moreover, GAELE significantly increased biodegradability at high concentrations, with BOD5 and COD removals up to 90.8 and 80.7%, respectively. Putative hydrocarbon degrading bacteria responsible for the degradation under nitrate-reducing conditions were positively identified. CONCLUSIONS: The continuous-upflow packed bed reactor was capable of high percentage diesel biodegradation at short HRTs. The use of GAELE increased diesel availability and thus enhanced hydrocarbon MK-8931 price removal. Therefore, CPR packed with volcanic and alluvial stones combined with GAELE showed potential for the remediation of diesel-impacted sites. Copyright (C) 2012 Society of Chemical Industry”
“Objective: Family functioning appears to be a predictor of psychological distress among childhood cancer survivors and their family members; however, relatively little is known about patterns in those families that are psychologically at-risk. The purpose of this study was to identify distinct clusters of families that include childhood cancer survivors,

and to evaluate differences between the clusters with respect to anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS).

Methods: Childhood cancer survivors and their parents (247 individuals: 88 adolescent cancer survivors, 87 mothers, and 72 fathers) completed self-report questionnaires. Perceptions of family functioning were assessed using the Family Relationship Index and its three dimensions (cohesiveness, expressiveness, and conflict), and individuals were classified into groups via a cluster analytic approach. State-trait anxiety, depression, and PTSS were

assessed to all of the participants.

Results: The individuals were classified into three types: One cluster featured high cohesiveness, high expressiveness, and low conflict (‘Supportive-type’, n = 102); a second cluster featured low cohesiveness, low expressiveness, and high conflict (‘Conflictive-type’, n = 32); and a third cluster Natural Product Library ic50 had moderate cohesiveness, moderate expressiveness, and moderate conflict (‘Intermediate-type’, n = 113). Among the three types, an analysis of variance revealed that ‘Conflictive-type’ members had the highest levels of PTSS, depression, and state trait anxiety.

Conclusions: These findings suggest that perceptions of family functioning are related to psychological distress in family members of childhood cancer survivors. A family-focused intervention might be a useful approach to targeting emotional distress in these families, particularly for families with a ‘Conflictive-type’ family member. Copyright (C) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Indications for treatment included rupture in 6(13%), hemathorax

Indications for treatment included rupture in 6(13%), hemathorax with impending rupture in 27(60%), malperfusion syndrome in 11(22%), and transient paraplegia in one patient (2.2%). Five kinds of commercially available thoracic stentgrafts were used. Follow up was 100% during a period of 13 months this website (range, 1-36 months).

Results: Technical success (coverage of the primary tear site) was achieved

in all 45 patients(100%) including deliberate partial or total coverage of the LSA in 7 patients (15.6%). The 30-day and in-hospital mortality was 4.4% including one late rupture case. Overall survival was 95.6% at 1 and 3-years’ follow-up. None of the patients with malperfusion required adjunct distal

stents All hemothoces resolved within 3 months including 5 patient required thoracentesis and one had tube thoracostomy. And 7 patients required temporary dialysis In-hospital complications occurred in 26.7% of patients and re-intervention was required in one patient and no patient had postoperative paraplegia Postoperative CT angiography showed find more 25 patients (58.1%) with complete thrombosis of the false lumen and re-expansion of the true lumen.

Conclusions: Endovascular repair of complicated acute type B aortic dissection with stentgraft is proven to be a technically feasible and effective in this relatively difficult patient cohort, The short and mid-term efficacy are persuasive, however, the long-term efficacy needs to be evaluated further. (C) 2011 European Society for Vascular Crenolanib price Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The recalcitrance in grasses varies according to cell type and maturation.

The origin of the recalcitrance in different regions from sugar cane internodes with varied lignin contents was evaluated. The efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis was correlated with the chemical, micromorphological and microspectrophotometric characteristics of the samples. The internodes of three sugar cane hybrids were dissected into four different fractions. The outermost fraction and the rind were the most recalcitrant regions, whereas the pith-rind interface and the pith were less recalcitrant. Cellulose conversion reached 86% after 72 h of enzymatic digestion of the pith from the hybrid with the lowest lignin content. There was an inversely proportional correlation between the area occupied by vascular bundles and the efficiency of cellulose hydrolysis. High cellulose and low lignin or hemicellulose contents enhanced the efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis of the polysaccharides. The critical evaluation of the results permitted to propose an empirical parameter for predicting cellulose conversion levels that accounts for the positive effect of high cellulose and low lignin plus hemicellulose and the detrimental effect of abundant vascular bundles.

25 probe sets were differentially expressed in PTSD Identified g

25 probe sets were differentially expressed in PTSD. Identified genes were generally involved

in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, signal transduction, or in brain and immune cell function. STAT5B, a direct inhibitor of GR, and nuclear factor I/A, both showed reduced expression in PTSD. Comparison of lifetime versus current PTSD identified overlapping genes with altered expression suggesting enduring markers, while some markers present only in current PTSD may reflect state measures. As a follow-up, direct comparisons of expression in current PTSD, lifetime-only PTSD, and control groups identified FKBP5 and MHC Class II as state markers, and also identified several trait markers. An analysis of indirect effects revealed that homozygosity for any of 4 PTSD risk-related polymorphisms at FKBP5 predicted FKBP5 expression, which mediated indirect effects Selleck PRN1371 of genotype on plasma cortisol and PTSD severity.”
“Wang [J. Appl. Phys. 101, 083113 (2007)] investigated vacuum electron acceleration by high-order Hermite-Gaussian LY2157299 cell line laser beams. However, we reveal that some of their explanations for their simulation results are not reasonable. We investigate their simulation in detail and discover that the injection momentum distributions in the longitudinal and transverse directions play an important role in inducing the valley that appears in the plot of the ejection energy as a function of the injection angle.”
“This paper reports on and discusses

the findings of an online survey initiated Tideglusib manufacturer by the Donor Sibling Registry of 108 parents of children conceived following oocyte donation. Respondents generally supported early disclosure of donor conception to the child, although some bias in favour of disclosure cannot be excluded, given the recruitment source. Even so, extensive uncertainty regarding the optimum time for disclosure was evident. Around half of the parents who had either expressly chosen (50.0%), or had been given no choice of, an anonymous donor (54.1%) subsequently wished they had used an open-identity

donor. A total of 87% of respondents showed interest in identifying and making contact with their donor and with other families containing children sharing the same donor, and 19% had already made such contact. The survey revealed considerable variations in respondents’ experiences of clinic practices regarding the availability of counselling, information provided about choice of donor type, advice regarding disclosure and the reporting of births, indicating keys areas for improved professional practice. RBMOnline (C) 2012, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“In this study, an ultraviolet array photodetector with lithium-based slanted finger interdigital transducers (SFITs) and ZnO optically active areas is developed. The array photodetector can obtain multiple ultraviolet light intensities within a single measurement and is proven to be capable of measuring a distributed light field.

(C) 2011 American Institute of Physics [doi:10 1063/1 3590160]“<

(C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3590160]“
“The language skills of a male child with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) and coincidentally treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with intrathecal RG-7112 chemotherapy at the age of 3 years 8 months were comprehensively evaluated twice over a 6-month period approximately 51/2 years after diagnosis of ALL. Despite marked chemotherapy-related leukoencephalopathic changes documented on magnetic resonance imaging, the child presented with stable language skills, which were generally average to above-average based on the normative data from a comprehensive language test battery. In

light of the coincidental presentation in the child of a diagnosis of LHON, which may lead to serious vision impairment and increased vulnerability to drug neurotoxicity, coupled with a history of central nervous system (CNS)-directed treatment for ALL resulting in progressive white matter pathology, the study highlights the importance of ongoing monitoring of the child’s language development throughout his adolescent years.”
“Dystrophic calcified nodule of the testicle represents an exceptional lesion with an unknown etiology and controversial diagnostic approach. There are very few reports in the literature that have examined

this feature. Here, we report the fourth case eFT-508 of dystrophic testis nodule, identified in a 46-year-old man who presented the urologist with a palpable mass on his left testicle and no other symptoms. Histopathological findings were discussed and pooled with those of all previously published series. We believe that this description is particularly innovative because of the absence of

symptoms and testicular pain associated with the lesion, and interesting as an attempt to determine the recognition of this rare entity. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“Orientational engineered (La, Mn) co-substituted BiFeO3 (LMBFO) thin films were epitaxially grown on CaRuO3 electroded (LaAlO3)(0.3)(Sr2AlTaO6)(0.35) (LSAT) single crystal substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The experimental results demonstrate that the crystallographic orientation is the critical dominant of the structural and multiferroic properties of LMBFO thin films. Giant remanent polarization of 65, 92, and 106 mu C/cm(2) for [001], [110], [111]-oriented films, respectively, were demonstrated at room temperature. Saturated magnetization is also significantly dependent on film orientation with the highest value of 12.8 emu/cm(3) along [001] direction. The variation in leakage current density and ferroelectric coercivity were ascribed to the substantially difference of ferroelectric domain structures in variously oriented LMBFO thin films. (C)2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3594745]“
“In childhood mature cystic teratomas are the most common type of ovarian germ cell tumors. Tumors of neuroepithelial origin are extremely rare in mature teratomas.