Furthermore, the association between SIRT1 and cortactin, an acti

Furthermore, the association between SIRT1 and cortactin, an actin-binding protein, was investigated by immunostaining, WB, or immunopreciptation in vivo and in vitro. Results: Seven days after glomerular disease induction, u-alb/cre, BUN and the ratio of glomerular injury in SIRT1pod−/− mice were

significantly higher than those in wild-type mice. Consistently, significant decrease in podocyte-specific molecules was demonstrated in SIRT1pod−/− mice. Electron microscopy revealed the exacerbation of foot process effacement and actin cytoskeleton derangement buy Enzalutamide in SIRT1pod−/− mice. Similarly, actin cytoskeleton derangement in H2O2 (as a mimic of anti-GBM antibody)-treated LY294002 ic50 cultured podocytes became prominent when the cells were pretreated with SIRT1 inhibitors, while it was ameliorated by a SIRT1 activator. Furthermore, we assessed the link between SIRT1 and cortactin, which acts to polymerize and maintain actin cytoskeleton. While the cytoplasmic cortactin was colocalized with actin fiber, it was dissociated in association with cytoskeleton derangement. Importantly,

the increased actin cytoskeleton derangement by SIRT1 inhibition was correlated with an increase in the level of acetylated cortactin, which was detectable only in nucleus and co-precipitated with SIRT1. These results showed that SIRT1 deacetylated Tolmetin cortactin in the nucleus and that the deacetylated

cortactin was transported to the cytoplasm for maintenance of actin cytoskeleton. Conclusion: SIRT1 regulates the functional state of cortactin by deacetylation, and thereby maintains actin cytoskeleton integrity, indicating that SIRT1 is a critical factor for podocyte homeostasis, especially structure of slit diaphragm. TANAKA ERIKO1,2, ASANUMA KATSUHIKO1,3, TAKAGI MASATOSHI2, KOYANAGI AKEMI4, MIZUTANI SHUKI2, YAGITA HIDEO5, TOMINO YASUHIKO1 1Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine; 2Department of Pediatrics and Developmental Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University; 3Medical Innovation Center, Laboratory for Kidney Research(TMK project), Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine; 4Division of Cell Biology, Biomedical Reseach Center, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine; 5Department of Immunology, Juntendo University School of Medicine Background: Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved intracellular signaling pathway that regulates cell fate. Activation of Notch1 and Notch2 has been recently implicated in human glomerular diseases and Notch1 reactivation is reported to correlates with glomerulosclerosis. However, the role of Notch2 reactivation remains unclear.

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