[2] Our results have also shown that the SVR rate was significant

[2] Our results have also shown that the SVR rate was significantly higher in patients with genotype-2 than in genotype-1 patients, but no association between viral load and SVR was found. Platelet counts and the stage of fibrosis have been shown to be other significant predictors of the response to therapy that are independent of IL28B genotype.[20] Neither factor was associated with the virological response in this study. As the recent Japanese guideline recommends examining IL28B genotype and amino acid 70 substitutions in the HCV core

region before treatment,[21] find protocol the core 70 substitution was also analyzed in 10 patients with genotype 1 HCV infection in this study. The mutations had no significant influence on SVR in our patients. Although most of our patients Enzalutamide datasheet tolerate peginterferon and ribavirin well, various side-effects were observed. Symptoms, including fever, lethargy, headache, anorexia and hair loss were common. Three of our patients stopped treatment because of intolerable side-effects. The degree of hair loss in our patients was mild and none of them needed special treatment. Leucopenia was also noted, but dose reduction of peginterferon was not always required. Dose reduction of ribavirin was also not common. Another important side-effect is linear growth

impairment.[22] We have observed linear growth impairment in two patients. It was transient and catch-up growth was observed in both of them. Jonas et al. reported that Peg-IFN-α2a was associated with significant

changes in body weight and linear growth in children, and these effects were generally reversible with cessation of therapy, although height-for-age z scores had not returned to baseline after 2 years of observation in many subjects.[23] The difference in both the frequency and the extent of linear growth impairment between the study of Jonas et al. and ours may be partly due to the proportion of patients who received treatment 48 weeks or longer. In their study 93/107 (87%) subjects received treatment more than 48 weeks; 48 weeks (n = 82) and 72 weeks (n = 11) whereas in our study 16/30 (53%) patients received treatment for 48 weeks and none received 72 上海皓元 week treatment. In conclusion, the present study shows that the IL28B polymorphism is closely associated with the therapeutic effects of PEG-IFN/RBV therapy in pediatric patients with chronic hepatitis C infection. PEG-IFN/RBV therapy may yield good therapeutic effects both in genotype-2 patients and in genotype-1 patients with the IL28B major allele, but the effectiveness may be substantially lower in genotype-1 patients with IL28B minor alleles. Treatment strategy should be carefully implemented in patients with genotype-1 HCV infection who present with IL28B minor alleles.

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