The antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticle-treated silk fabrics was tested against E. coli and S. aureus by using a shaking flask method according to the antibacterial standard of knitted products (FZ/T 73023-2006, China). This standard specified the requirements of the antibacterial fabric, test methods, and inspection rules, which are applicable to the Linsitinib mw antibacterial fabrics made by natural fiber, chemical fiber, and blended fiber. A sample fabric with a weight of 0.75 g was cut into small pieces with a size around 0.5 × 0.5 cm2 and was immersed into a flask containing 70 ml of 0.3 mM PBS (monopotassium phosphate,
pH ≈ 7.2) culturing solution with a bacterium concentration of 1 × 105 to 4 × 105 colony-forming units (CFU)/ml. The flask was then XMU-MP-1 clinical trial shaken at 150 rpm on a rotary shaker at 24°C for 18 h. From each incubated sample, 1 ml of solution was taken and diluted to 10, 100, and 1,000 ml and then distributed onto an agar plate. All plates were incubated at 37°C for 24 h, and the colonies formed were counted by eyes. The percentage reduction was determined as follows (FZ/T 73023-2006,
China): where A and B are the bacterial colonies of the original silk fabrics and the silver-treated silk fabrics, respectively. To evaluate the durability of the nanoparticle-treated silk fabrics against repeated launderings, AATCC Test Method 61-1996 was applied. An AATCC standard wash machine (Atlas Launder-Ometer) selleck kinase inhibitor and detergent (AATCC Standard Detergent WOB) were used. Samples were cut into several
5 × 15 cm2 swatches and put into a stainless steel container with 150 ml of 0.15% (w/v) WOB detergent solution and 50 steel balls (0.25 in. in diameter) at 49°C for various washing times to simulate 5, 10, 20, and 50 wash cycles of home/commercial launderings. Results and discussion Synthesis of silver nanoparticles in solution Figure 2 shows the FTIR spectra of RSD-NH2 and the resulting silver colloid. GBA3 Comparing the spectra of the pure polymer and the silver/RSD-NH2 nanohybrid, the band positions of RSD-NH2 show an apparent shift. The band position at 3,068.9 cm−1, corresponding to amide B (NH stretching vibration modes) of RSD-NH2, shifted to a lower region (3,066 cm−1) after the formation of silver nanoparticles. The band position of CH2 symmetric stretching at 2,819.7 cm−1 shifted to 2,821.4 cm−1. The band position of amide I of RSD-NH2 at 1,652.3 cm−1 moved to a lower region (1,651.9 cm−1). It indicated that there are some interactions between the silver nanoparticles and RSD-NH2. The principle is illustrated in Figure 3: the molecule of RSD-NH2 contains numerous secondary and tertiary amine groups, as well as some primary amine groups at the peripheral region. These amine groups are able to attract silver ions and provide an electron source for the reduction process.