“Purpose: To examine the unique relationships among demographic variables, depressive symptoms scoring >= 16 on the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D), social support and quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors, and whether social support moderated the effects of depressive symptoms on the outcome of QOL. Specifically, this study aimed to probe more deeply into the nature of causal mechanisms of moderation.
Method: A model based, descriptive cross-sectional research design was conducted. A total of 150 breast cancer survivors were recruited from two teaching hospitals in Taiwan. All participants completed the CES-D, Interpersonal Support Evaluation List, and the Medical Outcomes
Study 36-Item Short https://www.selleckchem.com/products/cabozantinib-malate.html Form Health Questionnaire. The moderation models and moderating hypotheses were tested and confirmed by applying structural equations and hierarchical regression analyses.
Results: Approximately 35% of the participants had depressive symptoms. Findings indicated social support as a moderator of effects of depressive symptoms on QOL. Social support significantly SC79 clinical trial moderated depressive symptoms on QOL.
Conclusions: Testing for moderating effects provides helpful information regarding the role of social support in buffering the relationship between depressive symptoms and QOL. The moderating effects of social
support are adequate in the management of nursing care for breast cancer patients, particularly in the early phase of treatment or in cases of newly diagnosed patients who may not know how to manage their health conditions. These findings may aid in the development of social support interventions to enhance social support for breast cancer survivors. (C) 2013 Published by Elsevier
“Atomistic structures of the Ge2Sb2Te5 thin film in the real phase-change disk have been investigated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). As-deposited amorphous Ge2Sb2Te5 films were laser-irradiated for initialization (crystallization) and recording. Cross-sectional TEM observations revealed that the recording mark was fully amorphized by laser irradiation. A slight difference HIF 抑制剂 between the as-deposited and the laser irradiation-induced amorphous Ge2Sb2Te5 was observed in the intensity profile of nanobeam electron diffraction patterns and atomic pair distribution functions. This difference was attributed to structural relaxation of amorphous Ge2Sb2Te5, which gives rise to the alteration of chemical order. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3373419]“
“To assess the association between duration of symptoms and main prognostic factors of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).
The data of all histologically confirmed EOC patients diagnosed in Israel during the period 1994-1999 (n = 1,005) were retrieved from discharge summaries and admission records. Of the 371 (36.9%) patients with known presenting symptoms, the durations of 187 (50.