Larger females tended to lay more unfertilized eggs after copulat

Larger females tended to lay more unfertilized eggs after copulating with previously mated males. However, copula duration was not influenced by a male’s number of previous copulations, and therefore apparently not by his current sperm stores. Nevertheless, copula duration varied with male size, with small males copulating longer, and with female size, as copulations lasted

longer with larger females, suggesting that males are investing more sperm in larger, more fecund females. While male copula adjustments to their own nutrition and body size may be simple (proximate) physiological responses, responses to female size indicate INCB028050 in vitro more strategic and sophisticated sperm-allocation strategies than previously thought.”
“Background:\n\nNodal involvement is one of the most significant prognostic factors in early-stage vulvar cancer.\n\nAims:\n\nTo determine the diagnostic accuracy of sentinel lymph selleck node (SLN) detection in early-stage vulvar cancer and to describe the characteristics of metastatic lymph node involvement.\n\nMethods:\n\nOf 23 women with early-stage squamous cell vulvar cancer included in the study, five had lateral lesions and 18 had midline lesions. SLN detection was performed by using a radioactive tracer and blue dye, followed by radical vulvectomy or radical wide excision with uni/bilateral inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy,

depending on tumour size and localization. SLNs were subsequently examined with haematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemistry.\n\nResults:\n\nThe SLN detection was successful in all 23 women (100%) and in 38 of 41 groins (92.3%) tested. The total number of SLNs was 67, with an average of 1.76 per groin. In total, 20 positive SLNs were detected in 14 of 23 patients. From a total of 20 positive SLNs, micrometastases were found in five SLNs and isolated tumour cells in one SLN. We experienced one case with a false negativity of SLN. Sensitivity, negative predictive value, accuracy and false negativity of SLN detection were 93.3%, 88.8%, 95.6% and 7.1% respectively.\n\nConclusion:\n\nThe

find more SLN biopsy performed by an experienced team is a feasible method, with high accuracy in patients with early-stage vulvar cancer. Prognostic value of micrometastases should be confirmed in further studies.”
“Objective: We used a web version of Respondent-Driven Sampling (webRDS) to recruit a sample of young adults (ages 18-24) and examined whether this strategy would result in alcohol and other drug (AOD) prevalence estimates comparable to national estimates (National Survey on Drug Use and Health [NSDUH]). Method: We recruited 22 initial participants (seeds) via Facebook to complete a web survey examining AOD risk correlates. Sequential, incentivized recruitment continued until our desired sample size was achieved.

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