9 years) to determine driving reaction time (DRT) before and afte

9 years) to determine driving reaction time (DRT) before and after surgery in patients with lumbar disc herniation. Of the patients 23 had left-side radiculopathy and 23 right-side radiculopathy. Driving reaction time as well as back and leg pain were evaluated preoperatively, on the day of discharge from hospital and at the 5-week follow-up examination (FU). 31 healthy subjects were tested as controls.

Significant improvement in DRT was seen for both patient samples (p < 0.05). For patients with a right-side radiculopathy preoperative DRT was 664 ms (median, IQR: 241), which was reduced to 605 ms (median, IQR: 189) immediately postoperatively and to 593 ms (median, IQR: 115) at FU. For

patients with a left-side radiculopathy DRT was 675 ms (median, IQR: 247) preoperatively, 638 ms (median, IQR: 242) postoperatively and 619 ms (median, IQR: 162) at FU. Pain was moderately

correlated to DRT. Control subjects had a driving reaction time GDC 941 of 487 (median, IQR: 116), which differed significantly from patients at all three testing times selleck screening library (p < 0.001).

Our data indicate a positive effect of the surgery on driving ability. Therefore, we would suggest that for both patient samples it is safe to continue driving after hospital discharge. However, patients have to be informed about increased DRT caused by radiculopathy already before surgery.”
“SETTING: The National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) of Benin, West Africa.

OBJECTIVE: To verify the accuracy of the data published by the NTP in terms of notified cases and treatment results.

DESIGN: Purposeful selection of nine basic management units (BMUs) that had declared zero tuberculosis (TB) patients lost to follow-up in the first three quarters of 2006. Retrospective onsite survey by independent teams based on the documents kept at the BMUs, on the data transmitted to and compiled at the central level and on home interviews with patients who had been

declared treatment successes.

RESULTS: Of the 446 cases evaluated, there PXD101 molecular weight was excellent agreement between the TB register and the TB treatment card, between the TB register and the quarterly reports and between the TB register and the laboratory register. Home interviews with 32 patients all confirmed the information contained in the treatment cards and the TB register.

CONCLUSION: The results published by the NTP of Benin are remarkably reliable.”
“Prospective observational cohort study.

Comparison of clinical and radiological outcomes of single-level open versus minimally invasive (MIS) transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) at 6 months and 2-year follow-up.

There is recognition that more data are required to ascertain the benefits and risks of MIS vis-a-vis open TLIF. This study aims to report on one of the largest currently available series comparing the clinical and radiological outcomes of the two procedures with a minimum follow-up of 2 years.

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