Objective amplitude of accommodation was measured with an autoref

Objective amplitude of accommodation was measured with an autorefractor and subjective amplitude of accommodation, using push-up tests and defocus curves. Physiological and pilocarpine-stimulated IOL movement was measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography.

RESULTS: The mean values at 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months, respectively, were as follows: CDVA, -0.06 +/- 0.08 (SD), -0.08 +/- 0.09, and -0.05 +/- 0.09; DCNVA, 0.31 +/- 0.15, 0.31 +/- 0.15, and 0.34 +/- 0.16; objective amplitude of accommodation, 0.36 +/- 0.38 diopters (D), 0.12 +/- 0.34 VS-4718 D, and 0.10 +/- 0.34 D; subjective amplitude of accommodation, 2.79 +/- 0.86 D, 2.55 +/- 0.85 D, and 2.50 +/- 0.62 D with push-up test and 0.90 +/- 0.40

D, 0.78 +/- 0.23 D, and 0.93 +/- 0.35 D with defocus curves. The maximum physiologic IOL shift at 1 month (mean 45.2 +/- 63.4 mu m) occurred with a 3.0 D accommodative stimulus. At 6 months, the mean pilocarpine-stimulated forward IOL shift was 306 +/- 161 mu m.

CONCLUSIONS: Objective accommodation and forward

axial shift were clinically insignificant with the accommodating IOL. The near visual performance was attributed to depth of focus rather than to true pseudophakic accommodation.”
“Doubled haploid (DH) populations are useful to scientists and breeders in both crop improvement and basic research. selleck Current methods of producing DHs usually need in vitro culture for extracting haploids and chemical treatment for chromosome doubling. This report describes a simple method for synthesizing DHs (SynDH) especially

for allopolyploid species by utilizing meiotic restitution genes. The method involves three steps: hybridization to induce recombination, AZD8055 inhibitor interspecific hybridization to extract haploids, and spontaneous chromosome doubling by selfing the interspecific F(1)s. DHs produced in this way contain recombinant chromosomes in the genome(s) of interest in a homogeneous background. No special equipment or treatments are involved in the DH production and it can be easily applied in any breeding and/or genetic program. Triticum turgidum L. and Aegilops tauschii Coss, the two ancestral species of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and molecular markers were used to demonstrate the SynDH method.”
“Polyaniline/ZnFe2O4 nanocomposites were synthesized by a simple and inexpensive one-step in situ polymerization method in the presence of ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles. The structural, morphological, and electrical properties of the samples were characterized by wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). WAXD and SEM revealed the formation of polyaniline/ZnFe2O4 nanocomposites. Infrared spectroscopy indicated that there was some interaction between the ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles and polyaniline. The dc electrical conductivity measurements were carried in the temperature range of 80 to 300 K.

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