During year 4, mean [standard
deviation (SD)] height velocity was 6.4 (1.4) and 4.4 (1.2) cm/year (p = 0.001) and height velocity SD score (SDS) was 0.3 (0.3) and -0.1 (0.2) (p = 0.002) in the 57 and 35 mu g/kg/day groups, respectively. PHA-739358 research buy The 57 mu g/kg/day group continued with catch-up growth, had a significantly higher mean weight gain (p = 0.015) and significantly higher insulin-like growth factor-I levels at 12 months (p = 0.038). Five treatment-emergent adverse events were reported; none was serious or caused study withdrawal. Conclusions: Children who continued receiving 57 mu g/kg/day r-hGH in year 4 had significantly greater height gain than those receiving 35 mu g/kg/day r-hGH. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“BACKGROUND: While the incidence of venous thromboembolism increases with age, little is known about its contemporary management or outcomes in older patients. Our goal was to compare the characteristics, treatment, and outcomes associated with venous thromboembolism, LY294002 price in patients aged 65-69 years, 70-74 years, 75-79 years, and 80+ years. METHODS/PARTICIPANTS: We prospectively followed 542 subjects aged bigger than = 65 years with venous thromboembolism from
January 2008 through August 2011 at 6 sites. In addition, a retrospective study of 681 additional subjects aged bigger than = 65 years with venous thromboembolism diagnosed in 2007 and 2009 was conducted at the same 6 sites. RESULTS: With advancing age, patients were more likely to suffer provoked venous thromboembolism but less likely to present with pulmonary embolism. Patients with unprovoked, provoked, or malignancy associated venous thromboembolism received warfarin for a median of 401 days, 203 days, and 529 days, respectively. Age bigger than = 80 years was not associated with an increased risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism,
but there was an increased risk of all-cause mortality. CONCLUSION: With advancing age, patients are more likely to suffer hospital-associated and provoked venous thromboembolism. Many elderly patients with provoked PLX3397 nmr or unprovoked venous thromboembolism were treated for bigger than 3 months or bigger than 12 months, respectively. Given that advanced age was not associated with increased risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism, but elderly patients in general have a higher risk of bleeding from continued anticoagulant therapy, such practice is potentially harmful. At the same time, such an argument could be used to more vigorously offer prophylaxis in the first place. (c) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.