Design: Analysis of data from the GWTG-R, a prospective observati

Design: Analysis of data from the GWTG-R, a prospective observational RG 7112 registry of in-hospital cardiac arrest and resuscitation.

Setting:

Database containing clinical information from the 507 hospitals participating in the GWTG-R.

Patients: Adults resuscitated after in-hospital cardiac arrest.

Measurements: The rate of appropriate documentation of ET position confirmation, defined as the use of capnography or an esophageal detector device (EDD); relationship between appropriate documentation of ET position confirmation and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) or survival to hospital discharge. Proportions with 95% CI are reported for prevalence data. Binary logistic

regression was used to determine the relationship between appropriate documentation of ET position confirmation and outcome (ROSC, survival to hospital discharge). Adjusted and unadjusted odds ratios are reported.

Main results: Of the 176,054 patients entered into the GWTG-R database, 75,777 had an ET placed. For 13,263 (17.5%) of these patients, ET position confirmation was not documented in Entinostat nmr the chart. Auscultation alone was documented in 19,480 (25.7%) cases. Confirmation of ET position by capnography or EDD was documented in 43,034 (56.8%) cases. ROSC occurred in 39,063 (51.6%), and 13,474 (17.8%) survived to discharge. Patients whose ET position was confirmed by capnography or EDD were more likely to have ROSC (adjusted OR 1.229 [1.179, 1.282]) and to survive to hospital discharge (adjusted OR 1.093 [1.033, Torin 2 nmr 1.157]).

Conclusion: Documentation

of ET position confirmation in patients who experience cardiac arrest is suboptimal. Appropriate documentation of ET position confirmation in the GWTG-R is associated with greater likelihood of ROSC and survival to hospital discharge. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the disinfection of complete dentures. Biofilm samples were collected from dentures of 60 denture users who were randomly divided into four experimental groups (n = 15 each): subjects whose maxillary dentures were sprayed with 50 and 100 mg/l of PhotogemA (R) suspension (groups P50S and P100S) and patients whose maxillary dentures were treated with 50 and 100 mg/l of PhotogemA (R) gel (groups P50G and P100G). Dentures with photosensitizers were left in the dark for 30 min (pre-irradiation time) and then irradiated with blue LED light at 37.5 J/cm(2) (26 min). Denture samples were taken with sterile cotton swab before (left side surfaces) and after (right side surfaces) PDT. All microbial material was diluted and plated on selective media for Candida spp., Staphylococcus mutans spp.

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