59-1.12). The median length of diarrhoea was 3 d in both groups.
Conclusions: Despite an extensive SODIS promotion campaign we found only moderate compliance with the intervention and no strong evidence for a substantive reduction in diarrhoea among children. These results suggest that there is a need for better evidence of how the well-established laboratory efficacy of this home-based water treatment method translates into field effectiveness under various cultural settings and intervention intensities. Further global promotion of this website SODIS for general use should be undertaken with care until such evidence is available.”
laser emitting around 1550 nm was tuned by external grating (in Littrow configuration) at temperatures from 300 K down to 80 K and at hydrostatic pressures up to 2.2 GPa. The tuning range achieved with grating was significantly reduced at lower temperatures. The tuning range achieved by pressure and grating was 390 nm (from 1220 to 1610 nm). In this range the emission power of the laser was above 30 mW with narrow emission line and the side-mode suppression ratio above 30 dB. Our results
Cilengitide concentration were interpreted by calculating the pressure and temperature dependence of gain spectra determined from a nonparabolic 8 x 8 kp model. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3658257]“
“The effects of two brefeldin A (BFA) analogues (BFA lactam; 6(R)-hydroxy-BFA) on plant cells were tested. Although these
two compounds elicited BFA-like effects in mammalian cells, the lactam analogue failed to elicit a response in plant cells. By contrast, while the 6(R)-hydroxy-BFA analogue gave rise to a classic BFA response in tobacco mesophyll protoplasts and true leaves of Arabidopsis (redistribution of Golgi enzymes into the ER), it failed to cause the formation of MAPK Inhibitor Library datasheet BFA-compartments in Arabidopsis root cells and cotyledonary leaves. Even when the GNL1-LM mutant of Arabidopsis, which has a cis-Golgi located BFA-sensitive ARF-GEF, was used, the 6(R)-hydroxy analogue failed to elicit a response at conventional BFA concentrations. Only at concentrations of over 200 mu M did 6(R)-hydroxy-BFA elicit a BFA-like effect. These differences are interpreted in terms of the different properties of the respective TGN- (Arabidopsis roots) and cis-Golgi- (tobacco mesophyll) localized BFA-sensitive ARF-GEFs.”
“Background Children have increased prevalence of food allergy (FA) and eosinophilic gastrointestinal disease (EGID) following liver transplantation. The aim of this study was to identify related risk factors. Methods Chart review of pediatric liver transplant (LT) recipients with de novo FA and/or EGID post-LT and non-allergic controls. Results We identified 30 (8.5%) children with FA and/or EGID among 352 pediatric LT recipients. Median age at transplant was 0.9 inter-quartile range (IQR 0.62.0) years. FA developed at a median 1.0 (IQR 0.58.