Results: All the clinical signs and symptoms of patients were gradually improved. Serum albumin and prealbumin in cells increased respectively from 30.78 + 30.78 + 5.62 g/L, 48.13 mg/L to 39.25 + 4.82 + 4.82 g/L, 60.44 mg/L
after the infusion (P < 0.05). ALT, AST, TBIL, PLT, www.selleckchem.com/products/AG-014699.html WBC, APTT in cells after the infusion of 24 m changing was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation can improve hepatic function of the decompensated cirrhosis patients, which could be a effective approach for the treatment decompensated cirrhosis. Key Word(s): 1. Cirrhosis; 2. Cell transplantation; Presenting Author: RADHAK DHIMAN Additional Authors: AMIT KHATRI, SATYAWATI RANA, MADHU CHOPRA, KIRANK THUMBURU, SAMIR MALHOTRA, AJAY DUSEJA, YOGESH CHAWLA Corresponding Author: RADHAK DHIMAN Affiliations: PGIMER Objective: The pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is linked to alterations in gut microbiota and their by-products such as ammonia, indoles, oxindoles, etc and inflammation. Minimal HE (MHE) is the mildest form of HE, which adversely affect health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that modulation of gut microbiota by probitic would improve cognitive performance, inflammatory milieu and by-products of gut microbiota in patients with cirrhosis
with MHE. Methods: Eighty cirrhotics with MHE [Probiotic group, age 49.5 year (46.5–52.5), M : F 37 : 03; Placebo group, see more age 49.0 (45.5–52.4), M : F 34 : 06] underwent
cognitive testing, plasma interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, tumor-necrosis factor (TNF)-alfa, and indole and oxindole, blood ammonia analysis and HRQOL at baseline and after 16-weeks. In this double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled study, 40 patients received probiotic [1 sachet of VSL#3® (CD Pharma India Pvt. Ltd, MCE公司 New Delhi), at a dose of 900 billion bacteria daily and 40 patients received placebo. Results: There was no significant difference in the reversal of MHE between probiotic and placebo group (P = NS). However there was a significant improvement in figure connection test-A (P = 0.001) and digit symbol test (P = 0.001) only in MHE group. Probiotic treatment resulted in a significant decrease in plasma IL-6 (P = 0.007) and oxindole (P = 0.036) levels. There was no improvement in ammonia levels in either group (P = NS). There was a significant improvement in mental component summary (MCS) of SF-36 HRQOL questionnaire in probiotic group. The incidence of adverse events reported during the study was similar in the two groups and there was no serious adverse event. Conclusion: Probiotic treatment resulted in partial improvement in cognitive functions, significant improvement in IL-6, oxindole and MCS of SF-36 in patients with cirrhosis with MHE (ClinicalTrialsRegistry-India /2008/091/000268). Key Word(s): 1. MHE; 2. HRQOL; 3.