In our study we sought to examine the relationships between expected
and actual predictors of TRBs at baseline. Baseline data, gathered from the Seattle site of this HRSA-funded 2-year evaluation of HIV prevention services in clinical settings, were analysed to evaluate the extent to which self-efficacy, treatment optimism, engagement with medical care, awareness of risky behaviours, substance use, and relevant behavioural and socio-demographic variables predicted recent sexual TRBs across gender and sexual orientation lines. We hypothesized, based on previous research, that sexual TRBs would be associated with low self-efficacy, high treatment optimism, low engagement with medical care, less awareness of risky behaviour, less education and increased substance use. We then sought to establish which of the variables see more continued to be associated with TRBs in a multivariate model. Our expectation was that the results of such a multivariate model might lead to a brief, easily deployed
TRB screener that could be used by providers regardless of access to ACASI technology. Such a screener Selleck Ivacaftor would have the advantage of helping sort out people at risk for TRBs without asking obvious TRB questions that might trigger denial or socially desirable answers. Survey interviews were conducted between April 2004 and December 2006. All study procedures were reviewed and approved by the Human Subjects Division at the University of Washington. We enrolled 280 HIV-positive men and women who presented for clinical care at the Madison Clinic, a publicly funded HIV/AIDS out-patient clinic in Seattle, Washington. Each participant completed the survey interview.
Eligibility was limited to HIV-infected adults (18 years and older) who were receiving their primary care at the clinic and who were able to provide informed consent. A variety of recruitment materials were used including brochures, posters and project descriptions, as well as direct contact by study staff in clinics. Interested persons agreeing to participate were briefly screened by project personnel to determine their self-reported HIV status as well as basic demographic and contact information. Then, eligible Ureohydrolase participants were scheduled for a baseline interview. Screening took place in a private setting, usually in a room or quiet place in the clinic. Participants received incentives (e.g. grocery vouchers or gift certificates) for the evaluation portion of the project. Assessment interviews were conducted using a combination of ACASI and computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) procedures based on the Questionnaire Development System version 2.0 from Nova Research Co. (Bethesda, MD, USA). ACASI allows respondents to listen to an item via headphones while reading the text of that item on the computer monitor. The respondent then enters a response directly into the computer.